The underground economy of spam: a botmaster's perspective of coordinating large-scale spam campaigns

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The underground economy of spam: a botmaster's perspective of coordinating large-scale spam campaigns
Cutwail-LEET11 page4-5.png
Botnet Cutwail
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Date 2011 / Boston 2011
Editor/Conference University of California, Santa Barbara & Ruhr-University Bochum
Link http://iseclab.org/papers/cutwail-LEET11.pdf iseclab.org (iseclab.org Archive copy)
Author Brett Stone-Gross, Thorsten Holz, Gianluca Stringhini, Giovanni Vigna
Type Conference paper"Conference paper" is not in the list (Blogpost, White paper, Scientific paper, Press article, Conference paper or presentation, Threat entry, Press release, Tech report) of allowed values for the "Type" property.

Abstract

In this paper, we present a comprehensive analysis of a

large-scale botnet from the botmaster’s perspective, that highlights the intricacies involved in orchestrating spam campaigns such as the quality of email address lists, the effectiveness of IP-based blacklisting, and the reliability of bots. This is made possible by having access to a number of command-and-control servers used by the Pushdo/ Cutwail botnet. In addition, we study Spamdot.biz, a private forum used by some of the most notorious spam gangs, to provide novel insights into the underground economy of large-scale spam operations.

Bibtex

 @misc{Stone-Gross2011BFR798,
   editor = {University of California, Santa Barbara & Ruhr-University Bochum},
   author = {Brett Stone-Gross, Thorsten Holz, Gianluca Stringhini, Giovanni Vigna},
   title = {The underground economy of spam: a botmaster's perspective of coordinating large-scale spam campaigns},
   date = {Error: Invalid time.},
   month = Error: Invalid time.,
   year = {2011},
   howpublished = {\url{http://iseclab.org/papers/cutwail-LEET11.pdf iseclab.org}},
 }