Why forums? An empirical analysis into the facilitating factors of carding forums

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Why forums? An empirical analysis into the facilitating factors of carding forums
Botnet
Malware
Botnet/malware group
Exploit kits
Services Shadowcrew, Cardersmarket, Darkmarket
Feature Carding
Distribution vector
Target
Origin
Campaign
Operation/Working group
Vulnerability
CCProtocol
Date 2013 / 2013-05-02
Editor/Conference WebSci '13 Proceedings of the 5th Annual ACM Web Science Conference
Link http://www.websci13.org/ (Archive copy)
DOI: 10.1145/2464464.2464524
Author Michael Yip, Nigel Shadbolt, Craig Webber
Type Scientific paper

Abstract

Over the last decade, the nature of cybercrime has transformed from naive vandalism to profit-driven, leading to the emergence of a global underground economy. A noticeable trend which has surfaced in this economy is the repeated use of forums to operate online stolen data

markets. Using interaction data from three prominent carding forums: Shadowcrew, Cardersmarket and Darkmarket, this study sets out to understand why forums are repeatedly chosen to operate online stolen data markets despite numerous successful infiltrations by law enforcement in the past. Drawing on theories from criminology, social psychology, economics and network science, this study has identified four fundamental socioeconomic mechanisms offered by carding forums: (1) formal control and coordination; (2) social networking; (3) identity uncertainty mitigation; (4) quality uncertainty mitigation. Together, they give rise to a sophisticated underground market regulatory system that facilitates underground trading over the Internet and thus drives the expansion of the underground economy.

Bibtex

 @article{Yip2013BFR4554,
   editor = {WebSci '13 Proceedings of the 5th Annual ACM Web Science Conference},
   author = {Michael Yip, Nigel Shadbolt, Craig Webber},
   title = {Why forums? An empirical analysis into the facilitating factors of carding forums},
   date = {02},
   month = May,
   year = {2013},
doi = {10.1145/2464464.2464524}, howpublished = {\url{http://www.websci13.org/}}, }